Gum Disease: Understanding the Causes and Treatment Options

Gum Disease: Understanding the Causes and Treatment Options

Nearly 50% of the population over 30 years old is affected by some form of gum disease. The most common type of gum disease among adults is periodontitis. Defined by symptoms of bone loss, tooth loss, bleeding gums, and unpleasant pain, periodontitis can worsen by the day if left untreated. While consistent and proper oral hygiene is key to periodontitis prevention, consulting with your dental care provider is also paramount to combat signs and symptoms of gum disease before they progress.

The Pathology of Periodontitis

Poor dental care is the leading contributor to gum disease. Teeth must be consistently and carefully cleaned to prevent pools of plaque, tartar, and harmful bacteria to develop and deteriorate your oral health. Eventually, excess bacteria from food and drink will invade the area below your gum line, inflame the tissue, and destabilize your teeth. However, genetic and other external factors can also come into play in the development of gum disease. Health issues such as diabetes, arthritis, and heart disease can contribute to periodontitis, as well as smoking, pregnancy, and the use of birth control.

The Stages of Gum Disease

Periodontitis is a serious gum disease that starts benign, but can steadily morph into more damaging stages over time.

  1. The gum disease starts as gingivitis which is characterized by swollen red gums that can easily be healed with better brushing and regular dentist visits.
  2. Mild periodontitis begins when the gums start to bleed and recede from the tooth, forming pockets where difficult-to-brush plaque and bacteria can build up.
  3. Moderate periodontitis develops when the bone that supports your teeth begins to erode and break away, clearing the way for the entry of more bacteria and leading to loose teeth and painful sensations around the gums when chewing.
  4. Severe periodontitis marks the deep destruction of once healthy teeth and gums. Those suffering with this level of periodontitis may experience bleeding gums, intense pain, tooth loss, and the development of halitosis (bad breath).

Fortunately, periodontitis can be prevented and treated with proper brushing, consistent flossing, and routine visits to your local dentist.

Get Rid of Glaring Gum Disease with Your Leesburg Dentist

For 20 years, Eddie Orobitg, D.M.D, has treated the Leesburg community with quality dental health checkups and restorative procedures to help prevent and treat the development of gum disease. If you are experiencing pain or any gum disease symptoms, trust your local dentist, Dr. Orobitg, to take care of all your dental needs. To schedule your appointment, call 352-787-5919 today.