A dental extraction is the permanent removal of a tooth from its socket in the jawbone. In broad terms there are two categories of extraction:
- Routine general extraction where the tooth is visible in the mouth and easily grasped by forceps.
- Surgical extraction is required when a tooth has not yet broken through the gum or is not easily removed.
An extraction may be required for a range of circumstances including:
- Tooth fracture, gum disease or decay
- Removal of wisdom teeth
- Abscessed or infected tooth
- Orthodontic treatment. Permanent or deciduous teeth may need to be removed to allow other teeth to be moved into place
- Extra teeth. Extraction may be required in some cases where the mouth is overcrowded